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Tipos de Seguridad Informática

Currently, there are risks and vulnerabilities in computer systems worldwide, especially in systems made up of internet connections, computers, smartphones, tablets and many devices that are linked to the digital world and remote connections.

For this reason, small, medium and large companies always seek to solve this type of situation that every day exposes their security on the Internet.

It is important that every company knows well what are the types of computer security that currently exist, for that, we will describe 3 types of security that every company should know:

Software Security

This type of security is focused on protecting apps and software from cyberattacks that can affect the performance of your computer. These attacks can be related to malicious viruses that invade your PC by stealing, damaging or hijacking your information, files and personal data.

The safest mechanism to protect all your files would be to have an antivirus installed on your computer, so that it works daily to detect other computer viruses; On the other hand, you could also work it manually so that you can investigate yourself if there are malicious viruses.

Antivirus programs are not the only ones that can do this job, there are also other platforms, such as firewalls, antispam filters, programs to filter content or block unwanted advertisements.

Network Security

This type of security is one of the most mentioned by experts, since they consider it one of the ways in which, if there is no protection, any unwanted person may have access to your personal data, bank accounts, network access social and much more.

To have a more secure protection, it is important to take into account antivirus, antispyware, private networks to guarantee more security to the Internet and an instruction prevention system (IPS).

It is important to remember that this type of security is constantly fighting through the internet to avoid any theft of personal information, so it is advisable to keep it updated so that no type of cyberattack can overcome the defensive barriers of this type of security.

Hardware Security

It is a very little explored type of security, since many people and companies consider that protection only occurs in the two types of security mentioned above.

The objective is to safeguard and protect computers, devices, smartphone, tablet, in order to avoid external threats that could destabilize their operation. For this, protection mechanisms that we have already mentioned above are used, such as: firewalls, proxy servers or cryptographic keys for encryption and decryption.

It is very important to know that if we combine these three types of security, we will obtain better results and avoid cyberattacks that could compromise the security and protection of our personal files.

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Noticias | Amenazas más comunes en los Sistemas Informáticos

Most Common Threats in Computer Systems

Nowadays, cyberattacks are gaining momentum in this technological society that is increasingly interested in technology. Although there are countless threats, in this article we will analyze 3 of the most common that exist in Computer Security.

Cyberterrorism: This is one of the cyberattacks that has the greatest relevance in computer systems and in society. It consists of gathering information to the maximum, with the purpose of creating an environment of general terror and fear among the surrounding population. This attack can be directed at any type of institution, be it: government, people, hospitals, schools, etc.

Most experts believe that this attack is achieved for economic, political or religious purposes.

Cybercrime: This type of cyberattack goes beyond generating any fear in society, it usually occurs in many developed and underdeveloped countries with internet access. Through this attack, the so-called “hackers“, manage to interfere in the networks and computer connections in order to obtain economic gains. On the other hand, these hackers can also intercept technological devices, with the purpose of taking control and access to bank accounts, social networks, web pages and asking for large sums of money in exchange that the institution or the person cannot cover.

Cyberwar: The purpose of this attack, unlike Cyberterrorism, is that it is more linked to politics. How can it be generated? The criminals who handle these types of cyberattacks are those who seek to expose a reputable government or institution.

His idealism consists in collecting as much information as possible and then being exposed to the public, which could compromise any politician, official, public or private institution or the government itself.

An example of this is the case of Edward Snowden, a former computer scientist who worked for the CIA and who exposed classified, top-secret documents to the world that included massive surveillance programs at international level.

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